49: Women's Health: Decade by Decade
August 6, 2019
In Point of Health episode 49, “Women's Health: Decade by Decade," Dr. J’Leise Sosa from General Physician PC helps us understand what preventive care measures women should focus on at each stage of their life.
What is “Women’s Health”? (2:50)
According to Dr. J’Leise Sosa, "Women’s Health" can be defined by everything from your first period, to sexual health, pregnancy, life after pregnancy, and preventive health. Preventive health includes breast health, reproductive health, maintaining good health throughout menopause, and staying healthy for the reminder of a woman’s life.
What can a woman do for her health in her 20s and 30s? (9:20)
Although most women are healthy in their twenties, it is important to protect yourself against STIs and cervical cancer. Taking preventive measures early can lead to a healthier life.
What can a woman do for her health in her 40s? (10:43)
At this age, continue to see your doctor and get pap smears. Also, be aware that your risk of breast cancer rises at this time. Make sure you get a mammogram from your doctor each year and to perform a self-examination of your breasts for signs of irregular lumps.
When a woman enters her forties, her periods tend to become irregular before menopause. As your period becomes irregular, it is difficult to maintain your weight and you may experience changes in sleep. Talk about your symptoms with your doctor to see what is normal for women at this age.
What can a woman do for her health in her 50s? (11:48)
The average age a woman enters menopause is 51. Check in with your doctor if you are experiencing symptoms of menopause. At this time, ask your doctor about screening for colon cancer. Make sure that you are continuing good fitness and sleep habits for your health.
What can a woman do for her health when she is 65 or older? (13:53)
As estrogen levels drop after menopause, pay close attention to your heart and bone health. Go on a Vitamin D and Calcium supplement to help support healthy bones. To prevent falls and fractures, aim to exercise for 15-20 minutes a day, 3 days a week, at a minimum. Lastly, make sure you are protecting yourself from cancer. If you experience any bleeding or lower abdominal bloating see a doctor immediately.
What is the most important thing for all women to do to stay healthy? (15:46)
Dr. J’Leise Sosa recommends that you should continue seeing a gynecologist even if you do not want to have children or have had a surgery.