HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)
HIV is a virus spread through certain body fluids that attacks the body’s immune system, specifically the CD4 cells, often called T cells. Over time, HIV can destroy so many of these cells that the body can’t fight off infections and disease. Opportunistic infections or cancers take advantage of a very weak immune system and signal that the person has AIDS.
HIV can only be spread when body fluids such as blood, semen or vaginal fluids from an infected person enter another person’s body. High risk behavior that should be avoided includes:
· Sharing injection needles
· Unprotected intercourse or oral sex