Common STIs

STD

Chlamydia is a common STD that can infect both men and women. It can cause serious, permanent damage to a woman's reproductive system and can make it difficult or impossible to get pregnant later. 

Genital herpes is common in the United States.  It is caused by two types of viruses, herpes simplex type 1 (virus usually responsible for cold sores) and herpes simplex type 2 (typically affects genital area).  However, both types can cause either oral or genital infections. About one out of every six people aged 14 to 49 years in the United States have genital herpes. 

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that can infect both men and women. It can cause infections in the genitals, rectum, and throat. It is a very common infection, especially among young people ages 15-24 years.

HIV is a virus spread through certain body fluids that attacks the body’s immune system, specifically the CD4 cells, often called T cells. Over time, HIV can destroy so many of these cells that the body can’t fight off infections and disease.  

HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI). You can get HPV by having vaginal, anal, or oral sex with someone who has the virus. It is most commonly spread during vaginal or anal sex. HPV can be passed even when an infected person has no signs or symptoms.

Hepatitis is a disease that affects the liver.  Symptoms and treatments differ depending on the type hepatitis virus a person is infected with.

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection that can cause serious health problems if it is not treated. Syphilis is divided into stages (primary, secondary, latent, and tertiary), and there are different signs and symptoms associated with each stage.

Trichomoniasis is a very common STI that is caused by infection with a protozoan parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis. The parasite passes from an infected person to an uninfected person during sex. 

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