Depression is a common and serious mood disorder marked by feelings of sadness. These are caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain or a stressful life event. Learn about the different types of depression:

Persistent Depressive Disorder

Also known as "Dysthmia," an individual with this condition is constantly in a low mood, lasting for at least 2 years. Two or more of the following symptoms will occur frequently: feelings of hopelessness, too little or too much sleep, low energy or fatigue, low self-esteem, poor appetite or over eating, and/or poor concentration. 

Perinatal Depression

This type of depression can happen to a woman during pregnancy or after the birth of her child. Symptoms during pregnancy include crying, sleep problems, fatigue, appetite disturbance, loss of enjoyment of activities, anxiety and poor fetal attachment.

After the baby is born, a woman may feel the "baby blues" where they experience irritability, frustration, anxiety, intense mood changes, and more. These symptoms usually resolve within 2 weeks. If symptoms continue where a woman is also extremely worried, loses interest in the baby, family or activities, and has persistent sadness, they may be experiencing Postpartum depression.

Psychotic Depression

People with psychotic depression experience psychosis, or a loss of reality. They may have hallucinations or delusions, and require hospitalization.

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

Individuals with SAD experience low moods at the same time every year. Symptoms of hopelessness, fatigue, depression, and withdrawl from social settings usually occur in the fall and can continue into the winter months.

If you or a loved one experience any of these depression symptoms, get help immediately.

> Read more on the risks and treatment options of depression.

> Take an assessment.

> Call or find a doctor to be evaluated for depression.


Visit our health and wellness section to learn about treatment programs offered by BlueCross BlueShield of Western New York.

> View program basics.